淘金记

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  1. 1.卓别林主演电影卓别林主演电影
  2. 2.书籍名称书籍名称
 

1.卓别林主演电影

编辑本义项

淘金记

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淘金记   
淘金记

卓别林他最钟爱的作品——《淘金记》,也是他最有趣的作品之一,在多项世界性的影史十大佳作评选中均居前列,堪称是一部永垂不朽的喜剧

编辑本段一、影片

  电影名称 《淘金记》

编辑本段基本资料

  中文片名
  淘金记
  外文片名
  The Gold Rush
  影片类型
  爱情 / 家庭 / 冒险 / 喜剧
  片长
  96 min / USA:72 min (1942 re-release) / USA:82 min (24 fps)
  国家/地区
  美国
  对白语言
  无
  色彩
  黑白
  幅面
  35毫米无声标准银幕
  混音
  单声道 默片
  级别
  Argentina:Atp Australia:G UK:U Finland:S Denmark:A Iceland:L Germany:o.Al. Spain:T West Germany:6 Norway:A
  版权所有
  Public domain (original print)
  © Charles Chaplin (sound version)
  制作日期
  1924年 - 1925年
  摄制格式
  35 mm
  洗印格式
  35 mm
  胶片长度
  2590 m (Spain)
  2607.56 m (9 reels)

编辑本段演职员表

导演 Director

  查理·卓别林 Charlie Chaplin

编剧 Writer

  查尔斯·卓别林 Charles Chaplin

演员 Actor

  查理·卓别林 Charlie Chaplin .....The Lone Prospector
  Mack Swain .....Big Jim McKay
  Tom Murray .....Black Larsen
  亨利·伯格曼 Henry Bergman .....Hank Curtis
  Malcolm Waite .....Jack Cameron
  Georgia Hale .....Georgia
  Jack Adams .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Frank Aderias .....Eskimo child (uncredited)
  Leona Aderias .....Eskimo child (uncredited)
  Lillian Adrian .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Sam Allen .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Claude Anderson .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Harry Arras .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Albert Austin .....Prospector (uncredited)
  Marta Belfort .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  William Bell .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Francis Bernhardt .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  F.J. Beuaregard .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  E. Blumenthal .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  William Bradford .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  George Brock .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Pete Brogan .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  William Butler .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Cecile Cameron .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  R. Campbell .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Leland Carr .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  H.C. Chisholm .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Harry Coleman .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Heinie Conklin .....Prospector (uncredited)
  Rebecca Conroy .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Dorothy Crane .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  James Darby .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Kay De Lay .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Harry De Mors .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Kay Deslys .....Georgia's friend (uncredited)
  James Dime .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  W.S. Dobson .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  John Eagown .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Aaron Edward .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  E. Espinosa .....Eskimo (uncredited)
  Leon Farey .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  M. Farrell .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Richard Foley .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Charles Force .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  J.C. Fowler .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Al Ernest Garcia .....Prospector (uncredited)
  Inez Gomez .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Sid Grauman .....Extra in Chilkoot Pass Climb (uncredited)
  Lita Grey .....Extra in Chilkoot Pass Climb (uncredited)
  Ray Grey .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  William Hackett .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Mildred Hall .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  James Hammer .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ben Hart .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Gypsy Hart .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  R. Hausner .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Tom Hawley .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Helen Hayward .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Jack Herrick .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Jack Hoefer .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  George Holt .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Josie Howard .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Jean Huntley .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Tom Hutchinson .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Carl Jensen .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Gladys Johnston .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Harry Jones .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Fred Karno Jr. .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Helen Kassler .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Bob Kelly .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  John King .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Freddie Lansit .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Elias Lazaroff .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Bob Leonard .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  George Lesley .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Geraldine Leslie .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Francis Lowell .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Joan Lowell .....Georgia's friend/Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Chris-Pin Martin .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Margaret Martin .....Squaw (uncredited)
  Clyde McAtee .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  John McGrath .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Lillian McMurray .....Extra in Chilkoot Pass Climb (uncredited)
  Dolores Mendes .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  John Millerta .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ruth Milo .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ray Morris .....Eskimo (uncredited)
  Betty Morrissey .....Georgia's friend (uncredited)
  Marie Muggley .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  S. Murphy .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Florence Murth .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Mr. Myers .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  P. Nagle .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Princess Neela .....Squaw (uncredited)
  George Neely .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Nellie Noxon .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  A.J. O'Connor .....Officer (uncredited)
  H.C. Oliver .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Donnabelle Ouster .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  William Parmalee .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Jack Phillips .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Barbara Pierce .....Manicurist (uncredited)
  Betty Pierce .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Art Price .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  John Rand .....Prospector (uncredited)
  Lillian Reschm .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Frank Rice .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  C.F. Roark .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  E.M. Robb .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Lillian Rosine .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Edna Rowe .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Tiny Sandford .....Barman (uncredited)
  Jane Sherman .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  J.J. Smith .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Joe Smith .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  C.B. Steele .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Frank Stockdale .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Daddy Taylor .....Ancient dancing prospector (uncredited)
  Nina Trask .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Armand Triller .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  John Tully .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Jack Vedders .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Bess Wade .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited) (as Bessie Wade)
  Art Walker .....Officer (uncredited)
  John Wallace .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Sharkey Weimar .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  White Cloud .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Mary Williams .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Marie Willis .....Woman in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ed Wilson .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  H. Wolfinger .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Tom Wood .....Prospector (uncredited)
  Dave Wright .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ah Yot .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  George Young .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)
  Ed Zimmer .....Man in dance hall (uncredited)

制作人 Produced by

  查理·卓别林 Charlie Chaplin .....producer (uncredited)

编辑本段制作发行

制作公司

  Charles Chaplin Productions [美国]

发行公司

  联美电影公司 United Artists [美国] ..... (1925) (USA) (theatrical)
  Allied Artists [英国] ..... (1925) (UK) (theatrical)
  Arthaus [挪威] ..... (1925) (UK) (theatrical)
  Continental Home Vídeo [巴西] ..... (Brazil) (DVD)
  Digital Disc Entertainment [美国] ..... (USA) (DVD)
  Filmayer Vídeo S.A. [西班牙] ..... (Spain) (1960 and 1974)
  Fox Video [美国] ..... (laserdisc)
  Image Entertainment Inc. [美国] ..... (USA) (DVD)
  Joaquín Fabeo Hernández [西班牙] ..... (1983) (Spain)
  MK2 Diffusion [法国] ..... (2007) (France) (all media)
  Marathon Music & Video [美国] ..... (1998) (USA) (VHS)
  Republic Pictures Home Video [美国] ..... (USA) (laserdisc)
  Roy Export Company Establishment [英国] ..... (USA)
  Stadtkino Verleih [奥地利] ..... (2004) (Austria) (theatrical)
  标准收藏 The Criterion Collection [美国] ..... (USA) (laserdisc)
  华纳家庭视频公司 Warner Home Video [美国] ..... (USA) (DVD)

编辑本段上映日期

  美国
  USA
  1925年6月26日
  瑞典
  Sweden
  1925年9月28日
  芬兰
  Finland
  1925年10月18日
  美国
  USA
  1942年4月18日 ..... (re-release)
  法国
  France
  1944年11月17日 ..... (re-release)
  丹麦
  Denmark
  1946年1月21日 ..... (1942 version)
  芬兰
  Finland
  1951年12月7日 ..... (re-release)
  芬兰
  Finland
  1962年11月30日 ..... (re-release)
  芬兰
  Finland
  1975年10月24日 ..... (re-release)
  挪威
  Norway
  2000年1月21日 ..... (re-release)
  挪威
  Norway
  2000年5月3日 ..... (Kristiansand International Children's Film Festival)
  奥地利
  Austria
  2004年12月17日 ..... (limited) (re-release)
  挪威
  Norway
  2005年12月8日 ..... (Oslo)
  挪威
  Norway
  2005年12月9日 ..... (Oslo)

编辑本段影片特点

  在这部作品里,卓别林扮演主要角色查理,但由卓别林加入了很多想象力丰富而且喜剧效果出色的素材,像经典的“煮食皮靴”场面,以及“小面包舞”、“带狗跳舞”、“别人打架而枪总对着自己”、“悬崖木屋险象横生”、“查理变公鸡”等等(太多了,写几个就行了),都成为后世参考模仿的对象。在影片的风格上,本片将滑稽叙事、悲剧色彩、抒情韵味三者作巧妙的平衡结合,使它成为卓别林作品中更上一层楼的成熟期代表作。往后的作品增加了不少社会批判色彩,反不如本片直接关注十九世纪末阿拉斯加淘金潮中的小人物来得那么单纯和乐观。例如本片安排流浪汉查理既成为大富翁又抢得美人归,这种圆满的结局是他以后的作品没有的。剧情方面,本片描述流浪汉查理随着大批贫民到阿拉斯加淘金,跄跟地跑进通缉犯拉逊躲藏的小木屋。

精彩海报

精彩海报(8张)
拉逊想把查理赶出屋外,不料大风又把一名魁梧的寻矿人吉姆吹了进来。吉姆抢到拉逊的枪,宣称自己是木屋的主人。暴风雪太大,三人饿得受不了。拉逊出外找寻食物时打死了警察,夺得雪撬和口粮,回程时,他发现吉姆找到的金矿,于是便不再回小木屋。查理饿极,便把一只皮靴煮了来吃,还吃得津津有味(此段黑色幽默,把钉子比喻为骨头)。但是拉逊还没有回来,于是他们继续挨饿,后来吉姆产生幻觉,把查理想象成火鸡,拿着双管猎枪和其他武器要追杀火鸡(查理),争抢的混乱中跑进了一头熊,吉姆慌忙而逃,而不巧的是查理一枪就打死了熊,于是刚刚还打成一团的俩人马上和好如初,饱餐一顿之后便分道扬镳。吉姆回到自己的矿坑,发现已被拉逊霸占,在两人争斗中拉逊用铲子打昏吉姆之后带着金矿离开,却遭到报应雪山突然开裂,拉逊也就此而亡。查理则来到小镇上的舞厅,邂逅舞女乔治亚,还帮她摆平了暴发户贾克的骚扰。其后,查理帮淘金工程师汉克看家,在门口又巧遇乔治亚,不禁大喜过望,邀她在除夕夜来吃晚饭。结果,乔治亚没有赴宴,查理却在幻梦中为她表演了一段小面包舞。失去记忆的吉姆在镇上重遇查理,要求他帮忙找寻金矿所在地。两人经千辛万苦回到小木屋,却遇到大风雪,把整间木屋刮到悬崖上半天吊。吉姆用绳子救起查理时,小木屋落下了万丈深渊,而他们发现金矿正在那里。结果,查理与吉姆成了富翁,坐头等舱回乡,却在船上三等舱巧遇潦倒的乔治亚。查理大喜过望,与乔治亚在新闻记者的镜头前热情相拥。

编辑本段剧情介绍

版本一

  流浪汉查理随着大批贫民到阿拉斯加淘金,踉跄地跑进通缉犯拉逊躲藏的小木屋。拉逊想把查理赶出屋外,不料大风又把一名魁梧的寻矿人吉姆吹了进来。吉姆抢到拉逊的枪,宣称自己是木屋的主人。暴风雪太大,三人饿得受不了。拉逊出外找寻食物时打死了警察,夺得雪撬和口粮,回程时,他发现吉姆正在开发金矿,便不再回小木屋。查理饿极,便把皮靴煮了来吃,还吃得津津有味。吉姆不肯吃皮靴,在幻觉中把查理当作火鸡,举枪要杀,混乱中跑进了一头大熊,两人合力把熊打死,饱餐一顿之后便分道扬镳。
  吉姆回到自己的矿坑,发现已被拉逊侵吞,拉逊打昏吉姆之后逃走,却失足跌下深谷。查理则来到小镇上的舞厅,邂逅舞女乔治亚,还帮她摆平了暴发户贾克的骚扰。其后,查理帮淘金工程师汉克看家,在门口又巧遇乔治亚,不禁大喜过望,邀她在除夕夜来吃晚饭。结果,乔治亚没有赴宴,查理却在幻梦中为她表演了一段小面包舞。失去记忆的吉姆在镇上重遇查理,要求他帮忙找寻金矿所在地。两人经千辛万苦回到小木屋,却遇到大风雪,把整间木屋刮到悬崖上半天吊。吉姆用绳子救起查理时,小木屋落下了万丈深渊,而他们发现金矿正在那里。结果,查理与吉姆成了富翁,坐头等舱回乡,却在船上三等舱巧遇潦倒的乔治亚。查理大喜过望,与乔治亚在新闻记者的镜头前热情相拥。

版本二

  流浪汉查理随大批贫民到阿拉斯加淘金,跑进通缉犯拉逊的小木屋。接着,一名魁梧的寻矿人吉姆也闯进了小木屋,并抢到拉逊的枪。拉逊不得不出外找寻食物,他打死了警察夺得口粮,回来时发现了吉姆正在开发的金矿,便不再回小木屋。查理饿极,以皮鞋充饥,还吃得津津有味。吉姆不肯吃,神智恍惚中把查理当作火鸡,举枪要杀,混乱中跑进一头大熊,两人合力把熊打死,饱餐一顿之后便分道扬镳。吉姆发现自己的矿坑被拉逊侵吞,拉逊打昏吉姆之后逃走,却失足跌下深谷。查理在小镇上的舞厅邂逅舞女乔治亚,帮她摆平了暴发户的骚扰。后来,查理帮淘金工程师翁汉克看家,在门口又巧遇乔治亚,大喜过望,邀她在除夕夜来吃晚餐。结果,乔治亚没来,查理却在幻梦中为她表演了一段小面包舞。被打后失忆的吉姆在镇上重遇查理,要求他帮忙找寻金矿所在地。两人经千辛万苦回到小木屋,大风雪却把整间木屋刮到悬崖上。吉姆用绳子救起查理时,小木屋落下了万丈深渊,而他们发现金矿正在那里。结果,查理与吉姆成了富翁,坐头等舱回乡,却在船上三等舱巧遇潦倒的乔治亚。查理与乔治亚在新闻记者的镜头前热情相拥。

编辑本段幕后制作

  本片的故事情节取材自唐纳尔派幕的短篇小说。本片充分表现出卓别林的典型风格,尤其是他处理视觉形象和哑剧的超凡功力,像经典的“煮食皮靴”场面,以及“小面包舞”、“带狗跳舞”、“别人打架而枪总对着自己”,“悬崖木屋险象横生”等,都成为后世参考模仿的对象。本片将滑稽叙事、悲剧色彩、抒情韵味三者作巧妙而平衡的结合,使它成为卓别林作品成熟期中的代表作。往后的作品增加了不少社会批判色彩,反不如本片直接关注小人物来得那么单纯和乐观。例如本片安排流浪汉查理既成为大富翁又抢得美人归,这种圆满的结局是他以后的作品没有的。本片是卓别林本人最钟爱的作品,也是他最有趣的作品之一,在多项世界性的影史十大佳作评选中均居前列。卓别林电影的最大特色是:具有鲜明的现实感和尖锐的讽刺性及雅俗共赏的大众化特色。萨杜尔先生对其作品作了如下评论:“卓别林的影片是唯一能为贫苦阶级和最幼稚的群众所欣赏。同时又能为水准最高的观众和学识渊博的知识分子所欣赏的影片”。